What Do I Do With Agar-Agar? | Vegetarian Times Skip to main content

What Do I Do With Agar-Agar?

What Do I Do With Agar-Agar?

Until recently, I was an agar-agar novice. I didn’t grow up eating gelatin desserts like many of my friends, and I never really liked things with a jiggly consistency on those few rare occasions I actually tried them. But while experimenting with a vegan cheese recipe for a VT story I was working on not long ago, I discovered agar-agar’s unique versatility.

Agar-agar is derived from seaweed, and works as a coagulant or thickener when dissolved in liquid. It’s sold in different forms, including powder and flakes. (Eden is one popular, widely-available brand.)  I buy my agar-agar at Asian supermarkets, and always purchase the little sachets of powder because it’s easy to measure out and dissolves quickly, making it more fool-proof to cook with.

For the original vegan cheese recipe, I was going for a mozzarella-type texture with just a hint of firmness. One of agar-agar’s merits is that it allows you to control the level of firmness, depending on the ratio of liquid to agar-agar. The basic formula for agar-agar powder is 1 1/2 teaspoons of powder for every 2 cups of liquid—heated until boiling to dissolve the agar-agar—for a firm-but-not-rubbery texture.  If using agar-agar flakes, increase the amount to 2 1/2 teaspoons flakes for every 2 cups of liquid. The mixture begins to set as it cools, so working quickly is imperative.

That first cheese experiment turned out well, and since then, I’ve become a big fan of agar-agar. I use it to make a super-tasty mushroom paté, hard and soft vegan cheeses, and even quick lemon tarts and flans (see recipe below). Experimenting with agar-agar is half the fun (eating the final results is the other). Try using fruit juice, non-dairy milks, or savory bouillons as the starting point, and see where your kitchen creativity takes you.

Cinnamon-Vanilla Flan

Serves 6

This light, easy-to-prepare dessert tastes a bit like a solid version of that delicious Mexican rice-based drink, horchata.

2 cups vanilla soymilk
1/4 cup turbinado or plain white sugar
1 1/2 tsp. agar-agar powder or 2 1/2 teaspoons agar-agar flakes
6 tsp. maple syrup
1/4 tsp. cinnamon
Pinch of salt
Dried lemon zest, for garnish, optional

1. Combine soymilk, agar-agar, sugar, salt, and cinnamon in a saucepan and bring to a boil. Let simmer 2 minutes, stirring constantly to dissolve agar-agar powder or flakes and prevent sticking. If using flakes, take extra care to ensure they have dissolved completely. Remove from heat and let cool 5 minutes.

2. Pour 1 tsp. maple syrup into a mini tart pan or ramekin, then ladle warm soymilk mixture on top. Repeat for remaining five tart pans or ramekins.

3. Let cool 20 to 40 minutes in the refrigerator, until slightly firm. To serve, gently slide a small knife around the edge of the flan, then flip flan onto individual serving plates. Sprinkle lemon zest on top for garnish, if desired.



Veg fashion blogger Aurelia d’Andrea has devoted a disproportionately large portion of her life to scouring thrift stores, vintage boutiques, and flea markets in search of sartorial treasures, and has a closet full of frocks to prove her passion for the hunt. Going veg taught her to sharpen her style skills, and confirmed what she’d suspected all along: It really is possible to develop a fashionable point of view and keep your ethics intact, too.  She lives in Paris where she blogs (My Vegan Parisian Aventure), writes books (Moon Living Abroad in France), and eats way too many carbs.


Comments on this Blog

YUM! I tried it with 1 cup soymilk and 1 cup soy "egg" nog. Thanks for the recipe!

Thank you for that wonderful article! Is it possible to request your mushroom pâté recipe? I would LOVE to make it. Thank you so much!

So great to hear from you, Tammy and Sienna! Tammy, you've just given me another idea: Chocolate-soymilk flan. Why didn't I think of that before?! Sienna, like most of my "recipes," the one I dreamed up for mushroom pate exists, for now, exclusively in my head. I'll take notes when preparing it next time and hope to share it with you soon!

Aurelia, thank you so much for replying! I am going to light my candles and say my prayers that you will be making the pâté soon and passing those notes on to me! I am so excited!! I eagerly await your culinary mastery. Thank you so so much for your generosity. YAY Mushroom Pâté!

Thanks for the recipe. I am on a suger free diet. What would you use as a substitute, and how much? Thanks, Adina

Hello Aurelia! Just checking back with you to see if you've made the mushroom paté yet. Do you think there's hope you will pass along your recipe? Please let me know when you can. Thank you SO VERY MUCH!