Classic Rye Bread Recipe | Vegetarian Times Skip to main content

Classic Rye Bread

This tangy bread is made with a petrin, a mixture of flour and yeast that is allowed to develop before the bread is made.



Ingredient Line: 
5 cups white bread flour, divided
Ingredient Line: 
1 0.25-oz. pkg. active dry yeast
Ingredient Line: 
½ cup olive oil
Ingredient Line: 
2 Tbs. caraway seeds
Ingredient Line: 
2 Tbs. salt
Ingredient Line: 
2 cups rye flour


1. Combine 2 cups bread flour, yeast, and 3 cups warm (90°F) water in bowl. Cover, and set in warm place 1 hour. (Mixture should look bubbly.)
2. Stir oil, caraway seeds, and salt into yeast mixture. Add rye flour and remaining bread flour 1 cup at a time until dough forms ball. Turn out dough onto floured work surface, sprinkle with flour, and knead 15 minutes, or until dough no longer sticks to hands. (Add more flour as needed.) Alternately, knead bread in food processor with dough blade 3 to 5 minutes, or in stand-up mixer with dough hook 7 to 10 minutes.
3. Transfer to lightly oiled bowl. Cover with damp towel, and let rise 1 hour in warm place, or until dough doubles in size. Punch down dough, and let rise
1 hour more, or refrigerate overnight, if desired. (The second rising time makes for a less dense bread.)
4. Line 2 baking sheets with parchment paper, or spray with cooking spray. Turn dough onto floured work surface, and shape into 2 round loaves, stretching surface until smooth, then drawing excess dough together at bottom. Pinch seam at bottom of dough. Place on prepared baking sheets, and cover with damp towel. Let rise 30 minutes, or until doubled in size.
5. Preheat oven to 400°F. Bake loaves 45 to 50 minutes, or until well-browned on outside. Cool at least 20 minutes on wire rack before slicing.

Nutrition Information: 

3 g
Total Fat: 
3.5 g
Saturated Fat: 
0.5 g
19 g
0 mg
437 mg
1 g
0 g
Makes 2 Loaves

Comments on this Recipe

It is very good, but way too salty. I agree with Rob's comment to cut the salt back to 1 T.

My family loves this bread.

Super yummy!! My family loves it when I make this bread. They can barely wait for it to cool before they dive in.

This bread is wonderful, but some may find it too salty. If you're not into salt I'd suggest cutting it down to 1 Tbs.

I made this recipe when it came out for a Sisterhood luncheon at my synagogue, and numerous people asked me for the recipe (giving VT credit, but of course). I have been told by several of these people since distributing the recipe now that has become their staple bread. My family has used it for sandwiches, soup bowls, french toast, croutons, and stuffing. It is amazingly good.

This is the best bread I have ever made. Delicious! I copied it from my Vegetarian Times, lost the recipe, and am so glad to find it again here. I've made it many times and it always turns out perfect.

PS: I also cut the salt to 1 Tbs.